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    Character Analysis:
  1. Reverend Samuel Parris
  2. Reverend John Hale
  3. John Proctor
  4. Elizabeth Proctor
  5. Abigial Williams


Themes

Self Preservation, Loyalty, Truth, People Divided, and Authority


Self-Presurvation Examples:
  • Rev. Parris~ Doesn't tell the court he witnessed the girls dancing in the forest because he didn't want to have anything to do with witch craft. He knew there was enough perople against him already with out the suspriction on him.
  • Mary Warren~ In the heat of her court confession, she was accused of pergergy and of being a liar, then attacked by the girls. In order to save herself she goes back to the firls and accuses John Proctor of witch craft.
  • Abigail Williams~ She threatens death to any of the girls who confess, knowing that the truth could ruin her, and possibly kill her. She also begins to believe every lie she's told is the truth.


Loyalty Examples:
  • The Girls~ Inder fear of death the girls are loyal to Abigail before and during the trial.
  • John Proctor~ During the trial he refuses to save only his wife when given the chance. He also wanted to save Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey, which shows loyalty to his friends.
  • Giles Corey~ He stays loyal to himself and his family by dying an hornorable death and refusing to give any name. Therefore saving others from suspicion and leaving his land to his family.
  • Elizabeth~ In the end she refused to sway John's choice to hang for the truth by listening only to John and no one else.


Truth Examples:
  • Rev. Parris~ When robbed and left for penieless by Abigial, Parris realizes that Abigial is truly Selfish and he was wrong for accusing so many people.
  • Rev. Hale~ As the trials progress Rev. Hale starts to see the flaws within the process and feels extreme guilt for signing so many death warrants.
  • John Proctor~ He finally sees some good in himself when he realizing that lying to stay alive isn't worth it, he'd rather die for the truth.
  • Elizabeth~ She finally admits that her husbands adultry wasn't completely his own fault, the truth is, it was both their fault.


People Divided Examples:
  • The girls and Abigial~ Against the town and helpped the court
  • The accused in jail~ Already sentenced and awaiting their hanging
  • The non-believers~ Those who think that vengence is causing the hysteria not witch craft/the devil
  • The Reformed~ Reverend Parris and Reverend Hale: They were once supporters of the trials but given time they saw what was really going on.
  • The Judges~ Hathorne, Danforth, and Cheever who were stuck in the middle


Authority Examples:
  • Rev. Parris~ At the beginning of the book when he preaches hell and damnnation, using his power to sway people's minds and thoughts.
  • Rev. Hale~ At the beginning of the book when he is called by Rev. Parris because he is seen as the authority/expert on seeking witches.
  • Judge Hathorne~ An unbending close minded judge who resents the efforts of Proctor to contradict him.
  • Judge Danforth~ Refuses to post pone or dismiss any charges on the currently accused in fear that it would be unjust and make him look bad.
  • Cheever~ Ingores his personal bias because the court put authority into his hands.